Are you risking your BMW’s health? How often do you find yourself pushing the limits of your fuel tank, waiting until the last possible moment to refuel? Did you realize that such a habit can lead to premature wear and potential damage to your BMW’s fuel pump, incurring hefty repair costs?
For a luxury vehicle like a BMW, it’s not merely about avoiding the embarrassment of running out of gas. It’s a matter of understanding the intricate details of the fuel reserve warning system. Why? Because preserving the integrity and performance of your vehicle hinges on this knowledge.
In this article, we’ll compare and contrast the functionalities of the fuel reserve warning system across various BMW models. We cover:
- The meaning of the fuel reserve warning
- The fuel tank capacities of different BMW models
- The BMW “fuel reserve tank”
- How low fuel levels can actually damage your fuel pump system
Fuel Reserve Warning Indicator Meaning
The fuel reserve warning light plays a crucial role in keeping you informed about your BMW’s fuel level. Typically, the first warning appears when you have approximately 50 miles of driving range left before your tank reaches empty. This initial warning may be accompanied by a subtle tone, a message displayed on the cluster, and even projected on the Head-Up Display (HUD), making sure you can’t miss it.
As you continue driving and reach around 30 miles of the remaining range, the fuel reserve warning light will reappear, demanding your attention once more. This time, an additional message will be displayed on the iDrive screen, reinforcing the urgency to refuel. By providing these clear and timely warnings, your BMW enables you to plan your refueling and avoid the risks of running out of fuel unexpectedly.
Fuel Tank Capacity of Different Models
BMW models come in a diverse range, and one aspect that varies among them is their fuel tank capacity. Different BMW models are designed with specific fuel tank sizes to accommodate their unique characteristics and performance requirements.
Here are the fuel tank capacities of various BMW models:
- BMW i3: The fuel tank capacity of the 2014-2016 i3 REx vehicles in the US is electronically limited to 7.2 liters (1.9 US gallons).
However, the 2017 model year BMW i3, equipped with an improved 94 Ah battery pack, offers an increased range and a combined fuel economy rating of 118 MPG-e.
- BMW 5 Series (E28): Most models of the BMW 5 Series (E28) have a fuel tank capacity of 70 liters (18 US gallons), while some models have a smaller tank size of 63 liters.
- BMW i8: The BMW i8 coupé is equipped with a 24-liter petrol tank, extending the total vehicle range to up to 700 kilometers (430 miles).
- BMW 7 Series (G11): Official fuel economy figures for the BMW 7 Series (G11) under the NEDC test show fuel consumption of 2.100 liters/100 kilometers (112.0 mpg-US), with CO2 emissions of 49 g/km.
What is a BMW Fuel Reserve Tank Capacity?
The concept of a “fuel reserve” in most vehicles, including BMWs, typically refers to the remaining fuel in the tank once the low fuel warning light illuminates. It’s not necessarily a separate compartment but rather a buffer to ensure that drivers have time to refuel before running out. The exact amount of fuel remaining when the warning light comes on can vary by model.
Basically, this so-called “fuel reserve tank” ensures that you have a limited but crucial amount of fuel to reach the nearest refueling station in case you fail to refill in time. Typically, you can expect the fuel amount to range from around 1 to 3 gallons (4 to 11 liters).
How to Turn On the Miles to Empty Display
Having access to the miles-to-empty display on your BMW provides valuable information about your remaining driving range, allowing you to plan your refueling stops with ease. To enable this useful feature, follow these simple steps:
- Start your BMW and ensure that the ignition is in the ON position.
- Locate the iDrive controller, typically located in the center console or on the dashboard.
- Use the iDrive controller to navigate to the main menu or settings menu.
- Look for the vehicle information or instrument cluster options within the menu.
- Select the instrument cluster settings.
- Find the option to enable the miles to empty display and select it.
- Confirm your selection and the miles to empty display should now be activated and visible on your instrument cluster.
Note: The specific steps may vary slightly depending on your BMW model and year. Consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual for precise instructions tailored to your BMW.
Low Fuel Levels Can Damage Your BMW’s Fuel Pump
One critical component that can be adversely affected by low fuel levels is the fuel pump. The fuel pump relies on fuel to lubricate and cool its internal components. When the fuel level drops significantly, the fuel pump can draw in air instead of fuel, resulting in increased friction and heat generation. Over time, this can lead to premature wear and potential damage to the fuel pump, necessitating costly repairs or replacement.
Driving on low fuel levels can also pose several risks and complications. It’s important to be aware of these potential consequences to maintain the longevity and optimal performance of your BMW. Some of the risks include:
- Stranded or Stalled: Running out of fuel while driving can leave you stranded in an inconvenient or potentially unsafe location. It may require assistance or a tow to a nearby fuel station, causing delays, inconvenience, and potential hazards.
- Restricted Fuel Flow: When the fuel level is low, the remaining fuel in the tank can slosh around, causing air bubbles and reducing the effectiveness of the fuel pump. This can lead to reduced fuel flow, affecting the engine’s performance and potentially causing sputtering or stalling.
BMW MPG: Expected Fuel Economy of Different Models
The fuel economy of BMW models can vary depending on factors such as engine type, vehicle weight, aerodynamics, and driving conditions. Here are some insights into the expected fuel economy of different BMW models:
- Compact and Subcompact Models: BMW’s compact and subcompact models, such as the 1 Series and 2 Series, generally offer competitive fuel efficiency. These models can achieve around 25-30 MPG in combined city and highway driving, depending on the specific engine configuration.
- Sedans and Coupés: BMW’s sedans and coupés, including the popular 3 Series and 4 Series, offer a balance between performance and fuel efficiency. These models typically deliver around 20-30 MPG in combined driving, with some variants offering even higher fuel economy.
- SUVs and Crossovers: BMW’s SUV and crossover lineup, such as the X1, X3, and X5, provide a blend of versatility and fuel efficiency. These models generally achieve around 20-25 MPG in combined driving, offering ample cargo space while maintaining respectable fuel economy.
- Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Models: BMW has also expanded its offerings in the electric and plug-in hybrid segment with models like the i3 and the 5 Series plug-in hybrid. These vehicles provide exceptional fuel efficiency, with electric models offering the equivalent of over 100 MPG-e and plug-in hybrids achieving impressive MPG ratings when operating in hybrid mode.
Our Final Notes
It cannot be stressed enough how crucial it is for BMW drivers to pay attention to the fuel reserve warning light. Ignoring this warning can lead to being stranded or experiencing complications such as restricted fuel flow and potential damage to the fuel pump.
Responsible fuel management is not only beneficial for the longevity and performance of your BMW but also for your overall driving experience. By following some simple tips such as maintaining a safe margin of fuel, regular refueling, and enabling the miles to empty display, you can make informed decisions about refueling and avoid unnecessary stress and inconvenience.
By responding promptly to the warning and refueling in a timely manner, drivers can avoid unnecessary risks and ensure a smoother driving experience.
Robert Anderson is a world class motorhead who rebuilt his first carb at age 10, his first engine at age 15, and completed his first full hotrod build when he was just 18! Previously, he has ran a part warehouse, delivered pizzas, and managed the service department for a $20 million/year revenue dealership. Robert knows cars like few others and he is passionate about sharing his knowledge.